Section Layouts

With the Section Layout Editor, you can create a section layout for an existing section and then export the section. You can customise the section layout by:

  • Adding models and surfaces the section has been evaluated against
  • Adding drillholes and planned drillholes
  • Changing the page size, orientation and margins
  • Adding titles, a scale bar, legends, annotations and images, such as a standard form or logo

The appearance of all objects can be customised without changing how objects from the project tree are displayed in the scene.

This topic describes how to work with section layouts. It is divided into:

Once you have created a section but before you start creating the section layout, take the following steps.

1. Check the section’s extents and orientation.

The initial dimensions of the section on the page are determined by the size of the section plane, and its orientation on the page is determined by the front (F) and back (B) faces of the section plane. Here, the front and back faces of the section have been swapped, which results in the section displayed on the page being flipped:

2. Check that the section has been evaluated against objects you wish to display on the page.

To do this, right-click on the section in the project tree and select Evaluations or Evaluate Surface.

3. Add planned drillholes to the project.

Planned drillholes can be displayed on the section, but these must be defined before you start the process of laying out the section.

Creating New Section Layouts

To create a new section layout, right-click on an existing section in the project tree and select New Section Layout. The New Section Layout window will appear, together with the Section Layout Editor:

The settings in the New Section Layout window determine the basic section layout. Each setting is described below. All settings in the New Section Layout window can be changed once the layout has been created.

Changing how objects are displayed on the section page does not change those objects in the project.

As you add objects to the section, the preview in the Section Layout Editor window will be updated.

Click OK to close the New Section Layout window. You can then make further changes to the page layout in the Section Layout Editor. See The Section Layout Editor.

Scale

The Scale settings determine the scale used to display the section on the page. As you change the scale settings, the layout of the section on the page will be updated in the preview. If you want a specific page size, select Fit to Page to set a scale that best fits the page width. You will be able to change the page margins once you have closed the New Section Layout window.

Page Properties

The Page Properties settings determine the page size and orientation. If you wish to use a specific Scale, select the Orientation required, then click Fit to Section to choose the best page size.

Evaluations

For Evaluations, select from the models and surfaces the section has been evaluated against. When you select a model or surface, it will be added to the preview. Note that when you add a model to the page, a legend for the model is also added.

If you wish to use the extents from a model evaluation, select only that model and then select the Section Extents option below. Once you have closed this window, you will be able to add further models using the section layout editor.

Extents

For Extents, choose whether to use the Section Extents or Evaluation Extents.

The Section Layout Editor

In Section Layout Editor, the Layout Tree shows the different layers that can be added to the page. The different parts of the Layout Tree as they relate to the page preview are shown below:

For more information about working with the different parts of the section layout, see:

Click on an object in the page preview to move or resize it. This will also select the object in the Layout Tree and you can see what properties can be changed. For example, in the preview, click on the Title to view its styling options:

The Section object controls all the models and surfaces displayed on the section:

Models and surfaces selected in the New Section Layout window are automatically added to the page preview. Further objects can be added by right-clicking on Models, Drillholes or Surfaces. When models are surfaces are added to the layout, entries are automatically made in the Legend Group.

Object Names and Colours

The names and colours of objects in the layout are linked to their parent objects in the project tree. You can override them by selecting the object in the Layout Tree, then ticking the Edit box:

If Edit is disabled for an object’s text or colour and changes are made to the parent object while the Section Layout Editor window is open, the changes will not be reflected in the section layout until it is next opened.

If Edit is enabled for an object’s text or colour, then that property will not change when the parent object’s colour or title are changed.

Styling Layout Objects

All layout objects are styled by clicking on them in the Layout Tree, then adjusting their appearance in the properties panel.

Text displayed in the section layout is controlled by a style sheet that can be accessed whenever you are editing a text object. For example, clicking on Edit Styles for the Title opens the list of Text Styles with the Title selected, but also allows you to change the appearance of styles used for other text objects visible in the preview:

Line, border and swatch properties are also changed in the properties panel. Swatches for output volumes can be displayed using a hatched fill, which is enabled by clicking on the output volume in the project tree, then changing its properties:

The styling of objects in the Layout Tree controls how they appear in their associated legend. The Legend Group object controls the position and size of the legend, but not the colour, line style and fill used to display each object. For example, the appearance of the volume <0.5 in the interpolant is controlled from the Models object (left). Whether or not the legend is visible on the page and how it is displayed is controlled from the Legend Group object (right):

When a model or other object is added to the section, a legend for that object is added to the Legend Group.

Some objects, such as models, drillholes and surfaces, occupy the same space on the page. These objects can be organised into layers, and opacity settings changed to emphasise relevant information. To change the order of objects on the page, right-click on them and select how you wish to organise the layers:

To change the opacity of an object, click on it, then adjust the object’s Opacity using the slider:

Setting Up the Page

Page Properties are set in the New Section Layout window, but these can be changed in the Layout Tree. Click on the Page object to change the Page Size, Orientation and Margins:

If you wish to use a specific Scale, select the Orientation required, then click Fit to Section to choose the best page size.

Organising the Section

The Section object controls the appearance of the section and the objects in the project that are displayed on the section. The properties for the Section object itself control the size of the section on the page and how the axes are displayed. Any changes made in these tabs are displayed in the preview so you can experiment with these settings.

  • The Section tab includes the Scale settings from the New Section Layout window.
  • The Extents tab includes the settings from the New Section Layout window and additional options for displaying Additional sky and end point labels.
  • The settings in the X-Axis and Y-Axis tabs determine how the axes are displayed. By default, the axes are displayed only on the lefthand side and along the bottom of the section. To display axes along the righthand side and above the section, tick the Secondary option.

The other objects that are part of the Section object are used to add models and surfaces that are displayed on the section and to customise how they are displayed. For cross sections and serial sections, you can also add drillholes and planned drillholes.

Changing how objects are displayed on the section layout does not change those objects in the project.

Adding and Styling Models

If you selected models and surfaces in the New Section Layout window, these are automatically added to the Models and Surfaces objects in the Layout Tree. To add more models, right-click on the Models object and select Add Model. The models the section has been evaluated on will be listed. Select those required and click OK. The new models will be added to the Models object and legend items added to the Legend Group.

Sections can be evaluated against different objects in the project, as described in Evaluations. All sections can be evaluated against:

  • Geological models
  • Interpolants
  • Distance functions
  • Surfaces
  • Combined models

Cross sections can also be evaluated against block models, but serial sections and fence sections cannot.

If you selected a geological model with a fault system, the faults will automatically be added to the section and to the Legend Group. Change a fault system’s properties by expanding the geological model in the Layout Tree and clicking on the Fault System and its faults.

When you display multiple models on the section:

  • Use the Opacity setting for each model to expose and emphasise information.
  • Right-click on the models to move them up or down in the layer hierarchy.
  • Expand each model in the Layout Tree to change the Fill and Hatch for each output volume to make some volumes more apparent.
  • Hide some of the Output Volumes.

A single line style is used to display a model’s output volumes. There is, however, a Highlight option that can be enabled to make a volume of interest stand out from the other volumes:

The Opacity setting for each output volume in a model is inherited from the model as a whole. You cannot change the Opacity on a volume-by-volume basis; however, you can hide individual volumes.

For geological models with a fault system, the fault system does not inherit its Opacity setting from the parent model.

Block models and flow models evaluated on the section can be displayed using a flat colour or any of the Colouring options available for the model:

Click Options to change the colours used to display the model:

  • For category evaluations, you can change what categories are visible and the colours used to display them.
  • For numeric evaluations, you can filter values and use a different colourmap.

If a block model or flow model is too big for the section layout, changing the section extents or the section layout extents will effectively “crop” the model and make it small enough to display on the section layout. There are two ways to do this:

  • Change the section layout extents by clicking on Section in the Layout Tree, then clicking on the Extents tab. If Extents is set to Evaluation Extents, change it to Section Extents.
  • Change the size of the section by double-clicking on it in the project tree and then editing its dimensions in the scene.
Adding and Styling Drillholes and Planned Drillholes

Drillholes and planned drillholes can be added to section layout for cross sections and serial sections, but not for fence sections.

Drillholes and planned drillholes can be added to the cross section. Up to three columns of data can be displayed, and numeric data can be displayed as a graph.

To add drillholes to the section, right-click on the Drillholes object and select either Add Drillholes or Add Planned Drillholes.

For adding drillholes, you will be prompted to select the interval table to display.

For both drillholes and planned drillholes, you can filter the drillholes based on a minimum distance from the section plane:

This is the minimum distance to any point on each drillhole trace.

If you tick the Clip geometry to filter distance option, only parts of the drillhole within the filter distance will be included in the section layout. Select the required drillholes and click OK.

How drillholes are displayed is controlled by the Colourings settings in the Lines tab:

Click the Options button for a column to filter values or display data on the drillholes:

For columns of numeric data, you can display data as a bar graph or line graph. These options are available in the Display style tab. Here, data is displayed as a bar graph:

Select a Max length that means that displayed data does not interfere with other drillholes or data displayed on the section layout. This is especially useful when two graphs are displayed:

If you only want to plot a limited range of data, tick the Axis limit box and set the required range.

Displaying data with the logarithmic scale enabled may enhance differences in the values, and negative values can be scaled.

The bar and line graph options are not available for the centre of the drillhole, although the solid option can be used.

Adding and Styling Surfaces

To add a surface to the section, right-click on the Surfaces object and select Add Surface. The surfaces the section has been evaluated on will be listed. Select those required and click OK.

The options for styling surfaces are the same as for lines. A surface can be displayed in the legend, if required.

Organising the Legend Group

The Legend Group controls how the legend is displayed on the page.

When you add a model, surface or drillhole object to the section, a legend for that object will be added to the Legend Group. For example, here, legends have been added for an interpolant, the surfaces and drillhole data objects:

Note that:

  • The Surfaces that appear on the section have been added to a single legend.
  • Because the drillholes displayed on the section use Left and Right Colourings, a legend has been added for each, a lithology legend and a numeric data legend.
Changing the Legend Group Layout

Select the Legend Group itself to change its layout. These settings apply to the Legend Group as a whole. Columns can be laid out vertically or horizontally:

You can also change the swatch size and gradient and add a Boundary box.

For each individual legend, you can change the number of Rows used to display the values

The order in which legends appear in the Legend Group is the order in which they appear in the Layout Tree. To change the order in which the legends appear, right-click on them and select a Move option.

Use the Legend GroupLayout > Columns setting and the Rows setting for each individual legend to make the best use of the space available on the page.

Styling Legend Swatches

The colours, line widths, fills and hatches displayed in the Legend Group are controlled by the objects themselves. For example, to change how the < 0.5 shell is displayed for the interpolant, click on the output volume, under the Models object:

Making Legends Visible and Invisible

If you do not wish to include a legend in the Legend Group, click on it in the Legend Group and untick Visible:

This does not change whether or not the object itself is visible, it simply excludes it from the Legend Group.

Adding and Organising Annotations

Once you have laid out the main Section object and organised the Legend Group, you can add a number of different types of annotation to the layout.

Title

The Title object formats the title displayed on the page. To move the title, click on it in the layout preview. The text used for the Title is the name for the section in the project tree, but this can be changed in the properties panel.

Title Block

The Title Block object adds a title block based on ISO 7200:

To display the Title Block on the section, select it in the Layout Tree, then tick the Visible box.

Scale Bar

The Scale Bar object controls the size and format of the scale bar. Its position is controlled by moving it in the preview.

Location

The Location object controls how location information is displayed.

Text Boxes

With the Text Boxes object, you can add text boxes and arrows to highlight information and details on the section:

Arrows are connected to text boxes, and so initially only text boxes can be added. Right-click on a text box to add an arrow to it. When the Automatic anchoring option is enabled for an arrow, the arrow’s anchor will move when its associated text box is moved. If this option is disabled, the arrow will move when you move the text box, but you will have to place its anchor manually.

Images

If you wish to import an image such as a logo or map, right-click on the Images object and select Add Image. Navigate to the folder that contains the image file and select the file. Click Open to import the file, which will automatically be added to the section layout.

Displaying Section Layouts

You can display section layouts in the scene. Dragging a layout into the scene displays the layout evaluated on the section. Some sections will be too large to display in the scene, which will be indicated in the section layout editor.

Exporting Section Layouts

Once you have finished adjusting the section layout, you can export it in one of the following formats:

  • PDF file (*.pdf)
  • Scalable Vector Graphics file (*.svg)
  • PNG image (*.png)
  • GeoTIFF (*.tiff, *.tif)

Click the Save and Export button () at the top of the window. You will be prompted for a filename and location.

Copying Section Layouts

If you have already created a section layout and wish to reuse it for other sections, you can copy it to other sections.

Copying a section layout copies the evaluations used in the original section layout, together with the page size and orientation and the position of the Layout Tree objects on the page. How models, surfaces and drillholes are copied depends on the section to which the layout is being copied:

  • All models and surfaces that can be displayed on the section will be copied.
  • The drillholes copied to the layout will depend on whether or not a filter is set for the layout:
    • If no distance filter was set for the original layout, all drillholes selected for the original layout will be copied.
    • If a distance filter was applied to the original section, the filter will be applied and drillholes selected that are within that distance of the section to which the layout is being copied.

To copy a layout, right-click on the section you wish to copy the layout to and select Copy Section Layout. In the window that appears, select from the section layouts available in the project. A summary of the information that will be copied is displayed to help you choose which layout to copy. Click OK to copy the layout, which will appear in the project tree under the selected cross section. you can edit it by double-clicking on it.